Bees are nature's most economical builders

In 36 B.C.E., Marcus Terentius Varro argued that honeycombs were the most practical structures around. Centuries later, Greek mathematician Pappus solidified the "honeycomb conjecture" by making the same claim. Almost 2000 years later, American mathematician Thomas Hales wrote a mathematical proof showing that, of all the possible structures, honeycombs use the least amount of wax. And not only are honeycombs the most efficient structures in nature, the walls meet at a precise 120-degree angle, a perfect hexagon.

 

Follow the link for the full version of Hales' scientific explanation:

https://arxiv.org/pdf/math/9906042.pdf