History of Beekeeping (Part 1-Cuevas de la Arana, Spain and Medieval Serbia)
There are over 16,000 known species of bees in seven recognized biological families. They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants. 55,000 miles is how far a colony of bees will fly to make one pound of honey, getting in touch with more than 2 million flowers.
Honey is a natural product produced by bees and stored for their own use, but its sweetness has always appealed to humans. Before domestication of bees was even attempted, humans were raiding their nests for their honey. Smoke was often used to subdue the bees and such activities are depicted in rock paintings in Spain dated to 15,000 BC.
The first written proof of beekeeping in Serbia dates back to 1198 CE. As part of the founding charter of the Hilandar Monastery, Stefan Nemanja sent four sets of beehives and two beekeepers as a gift to preserve at the monastery's meadows. In pre-Ottoman medieval Serbia, most of the local landlords had their own beehives. Most of them used honey and wax for trade with foreign sales caravans who would trade different types of fiber, furs, metal vessels, glass and weapons for local Serbian honeys.
|Cuevas de la Arana Spain, 15000 BC|